Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. The authors used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to examine whether spanking at ages 1 and 3 is adversely associated with child cognitive skills and behavior problems at ages 3 and 5. Results from cross-lagged path analyses revealed spanking at age 1 to be associated with a higher level of both spanking and externalizing behavior problems at age 3, and spanking at age 3 to be associated with a higher level of both internalizing and externalizing behavior problems at age 5. Additionally, the longer-term associations between spanking at age 1 and behavioral problems at age 5 appeared to predominantly operate through ongoing spanking at age 3. Results for cognitive skills, though less consistent, suggested no association between spanking at age 1 with poorer receptive vocabulary at age 3 or age 5.
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Spanking and Child Development during the First Five Years of Life
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Porn video: b d spank
A collection of five erotic stories with mixed spanking themes. A routine trip to the store ends in Marcy making an impulse purchase: a slinky new pair of clearance work-out pants. She now has to break the news to her money-conscious partner, Grant. The problem is Marcy has promised not to spend more than she has to.
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